• The design patterns of hand-woven Persian carpets or Persian rugs are usually presented in two basic forms: geometric patterns and curved patterns.

    small Persian oriental garden scene silk rug

    Geometric patterns apply straight lines, horizontal or vertical or diagonal arches, which is evenly distributed and traversed the entire carpet, forming a great variety of patterns. Carpets designed with geometric patterns are characterized by the preliminary, abstract, basic carpet features, which, in most instances, reflects that the simplification of the carpet work is the basic style of the craftsman and is also the style used most by the nomads. The geometric design style is passed down from age to age mainly by word of mouth and spread widely especially in Anatolia, Caucasus and Central Asia areas.
    From the 15th century to the 16th century, it is the golden period for the development of oriental hand-woven carpets. The art of hand-woven carpet has reached its peak in the Persian Safavi dynasty. Many artists began to engage in carpet designing to create more elegant patterns of plants and flowers-curve patterns from existed straight geometric patterns. This pattern presents a more complex floral and Arabic design, sometimes with human and animal motifs.

    The emergence of the curve pattern signifies that the development of carpet production has been divided into two stages, the planning stage and the implementation stage. Because the curve pattern can be presented on the carpet in a variety of flexible distribution, and the designer sees it as the best expression of the Persian carpet.